The Netherlands is facing a big task in the energy transition. This week, Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union (EU), published the 2018 figures on the renewable energy share in energy consumption by the 28 member states of the European Union. The Netherlands is at the bottom of the list.
In 2018, the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption in the EU was 18 %. In 2017, this number was 17,5 %. The EU has set a target to reach 20% of its energy from renewable energy by 2020 and a minimum of 32% in 2030.
Twelve of the 28 Member States have already reached or exceeded their national targets. Sweden tops the list. With 54,6%, it is the only member that managed to have over half of its energy consumption coming from renewable energy sources. The country is followed by Finland (41.2%), Latvia (40.3%), Denmark (36.1%) and Austria (33.4%).
The Netherlands reached a share of 7,4 %. In addition to showing the lowest share figure, the country is also the furtherst away from its national target of 14% by 2020. The Dutch Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving (PBL) already predicted that the Netherlands will not reach this national target but will have more chances with the 2023 target of 16%.
Many renewable energy projects have been granted construction permits or are planned in the coming years. Wind energy will make a large contribution. At the moment there are several large wind projects under construction, both onshore and offshore that will become operational before or in 2023. Offshore these are the Borssele 1+2, Borssele 3+4, Hollandse Kust Zuid, Hollandse Kust Noord and Fryslan wind farms. Onshore these are, for example, the Wieringermeer, De Drentse Monden en Oostermoer and Windpark Zeewolde wind farms.
The national shares of energy from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption are calculated according to specific calculation provisions of Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and Commission Decision 2013/114/EU establishing the guidelines for Member States on calculating renewable energy from heat pumps from
different heat pump technologies. More details on the calculation methodology applied by Eurostat can be found in the SHARES tool manual. The first data became available in 2004. The share was then 8.5%.